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Table 5 Descriptive analysis of the variation between assessors in the examination of the range of ankle joint dorsiflexion

From: Inter-assessor reliability of practice based biomechanical assessment of the foot and ankle

Foot Examination Mean (°) SD (°) Range (°) 95 % CI (°)
Right foot Knee Extended 3.9 7.0 23.0 −0.8 to 8.6
Knee Flexed 10.5 7.3 23.0 5.6 to 15.5
Left foot Knee Extended 3.0 6.6 20.5 0.1 to 9.1
  Knee Flexed 7.5 6.9 22.2 5.2 to 14.2
Results of random effects ANOVA
   √Estimate of covariance parameter (°)
Foot Examination √E random error (°) √E ¹ assessor error (°) √E ² subject error (°) Total error (°)
Right foot Knee Extended 5.2 4.9 4.6 10.7
Knee Flexed 4.5 5.8 5.7 9.3
Left foot Knee Extended 4.9 4.6 4.3 8.0
  Knee Flexed 5.1 4.9 5.2 8.7