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A comparison of social attitudes, professional and institutional identities and acculturative stress between podiatry and other health professional students

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In multicultural societies, such as Australia, it is important for health professional students to possess skills to interact positively with people from a range of cultures. This study describes first-year podiatry students’ social attitudes, professional and institutional identities and acculturative stress; and compares these with other health professional students in the school.


Thirty-three out of forty-six enrolled first-year podiatry students completed surveys at a large, culturally diverse university in Sydney, Australia. Demographic data and standardised measures of English language acculturation, acculturative stress, universe diverse orientation and professional and institutional identities were collected. Surveys were also administered to first-year physiotherapy, occupational therapy, nursing and medical students at the same university. Data were entered into and analysed in SPSS version 18. Descriptive statistics and Kruskal-Wallis tests were used to describe and compare the student cohorts.


Seventy-three percent of first-year podiatry students were born in Australia although 36% of these students speak a language other than English at home. Podiatry was the first course preference for 73% of students, and 34% of the cohort reported having a close friend in the same course. 64% were in paid employment at the time of the study, and of these 71% worked in a non-health-related area.


Trends were identified which differentiated the health professions. When compared with other health professional students, podiatry students had relatively low levels of acculturative stress and moderate levels of professional and institutional identity. This suggests that first-year podiatry students (after 12 weeks of study) have appropriate attitudes that will facilitate the development of cultural competence with further study. The data to date has shown similar trends for physiotherapy and occupational therapy students in the School of Biomedical and Health Sciences.

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Correspondence to Verona du Toit.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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About this article


  • Medical Student
  • English Language
  • Moderate Level
  • Standardise Measure
  • Close Friend