Skip to main content

Table 3 Significant differences between the PPH groups in angular displacement for the ankle/subtalar joint complex and midtarsal joint p ≥ 0.05.

From: Foot kinematics in patients with two patterns of pathological plantar hyperkeratosis

Joint/Complex Gait event Cardinal Body Plane Group 1 (PPH 2, 3 and 4) Group 2 (PPH 1 and 5)
    mean St. Dev 95% CI (upper/lower) mean St. Dev 95% CI (upper/lower)
Leg/Heel HC frontal -5.4° 2.7° -10.7°/-0.17° -3.1° 2.9° -8.8°/2.6°
  FF sagittal -9.2° 2.4° -13.9°/-4.5° 3.3° 3.3° -3.2°/9.8°
  AN frontal 0.9° 1.7° -2.4°/4.2° 2.4° 2.3° -2.1°/6.9°
   transverse -1.1° 2.6° -6.2°/4.0° 1.5° 3.2° -4.8°/7.8°
  HO transverse -0.4° 2.3° -4.9°/4.1° 1.5° 3.5° -5.4°/8.4°
   sagittal 6.7° 2.5° 1.8°/11.6° 8.9° 3.3° 2.4°/15.4°
  MAD transverse -2.1° 3.1° -8.2°/4.0° 0.1° 3.7° -7.2°/7.4°
   sagittal 9.3° 2.9° 3.6°/15.0° 11.5° 3.3° 5.0°/18.0°
  MTD transverse -6.1° 3.7° -13.4°/1.2° -3.8° 3.9° -11.4°/3.8°
  TO sagittal -9.0° 4.4° -17.6°/-0.4° -5.1° 5.2° -15.3°/5.1°
Mid foot/Heel HC sagittal -9.3° 3.1° -15.4°/-3.2° -6.2° 2.4° -10.9°/-1.5°
  FF frontal -3.4° 2.5° -9.0°/0.8° -1.6° 3.0° -8.3°/3.5°
   sagittal -5.7° 2.4° -10.4°/-1.0° -2.9° 3.2° -9.2°/3.4°
  MTD sagittal -10.8° 5.0° -20.6°/-1.0° 2.9° 2.9° -2.8°/8.6°
  TO sagittal -15.3° 4.9° -24.9°/-5.7° -11.1 3.2° -3.1°/9.5°
First metatarsal/Mid foot HC transverse 4.2° 4.2° -4.0°/12.4° 1.6° 3.0° -4.3°/7.5°
   sagittal 0.9° 3.9° -6.7°/8.5° -0.9° 3.6° -8.0°/6.2°
  TO sagittal 3.5° 3.3° -3.0°/10.0° 1.5° 3.4° -5.2°/8.2°
  1. Positive results represent everted (frontal plane), abducted (transverse plane) and dorsiflexed positions