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Table 4 Mean differences and statistical significance for spatio-temporal variables for shod and barefoot running.

From: Effect of children's shoes on gait: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Variable Shoe Condition Authors n Weighting Mean difference [95%CI] Statistical significance: z Score (P) Heterogeneity: I 2%
Running velocity (m/s) Unknown Lieberman et al. [25] 17 100.0% -0.20 [-0.54, 0.14] 1.17 (P = 0.24) N/A
Sprinting velocity (m/s) Unknown Tazuke [26] 4 100.0% -0.16 [-0.77, 0.45] 0.52 (P = 0.60) N/A
  1. A negative mean difference value indicates a decrease during shod running compared to barefoot running. N/A indicates not applicable