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Table 7 Summary of shorter-term results for changes in mean functional scores comparing groups receiving stretches versus those receiving no intervention or placebo

From: The effectiveness of manual stretching in the treatment of plantar heel pain: a systematic review

  Outcome Group Baseline score (+/- SD) Follow up score (+/- SD) Change in mean score (+/- SD if available) Between group difference (p value)
Hyland [17] Patient Specific Score Stretching§ 5.6 (1.1) 4.9 (1.2) #-0.7 0.078
  at 1 week Control§ 5.3 (1.5) 4.8 (1.3) #-0.5  
  (10 = full function) Sham taping 5.3 (0.5) 5.4 (0.6) #-0.1  
Radford [19] Foot Health Status Questionnaire Stretching 56.3 (24.5) 72.4 (23.6) 16.2 (19.5) 0.052
  at 2 weeks (100 = full function) Sham ultrasound 58.2 (24.0) 66.4 (26.2) 8.3 (18.5)  
  1. Abbreviations: SD = standard deviation.
  2. #Calculated by current authors or estimated from charts
  3. §See main text for discussion regarding the apparent inconsistency in reported p values between the stretching and control groups