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Table 4 Follow up, compliance and details of harmful effects

From: The effectiveness of manual stretching in the treatment of plantar heel pain: a systematic review

  DiGiovanni et al [15] Hyland et al [17] Porter et al [14] Radford et al [19] Sharma and Loudon [20] Wynne et al [18]
Follow up (weeks) 8 1 (0 & 1) 4 months (0, 1, 2, 3, and 4) 2 weeks (0 & 2) 12 (0, 4, 8 & 12) 10 (0, 3, intervals to 8-10)
Compliance Exercise logs provided but not collected for analysis. Questioning: n = 1 in plantar fascia stretch group and n = 4 in Achilles stretch group stopped stretching at 8 weeks All interventions applied by Therapist Sustained stretching group: 74.5% (SD 18.4) of stretches completed. Intermittent group: 81.2% (SD 20.6) of stretches completed. p = 0.2175 Daily journal kept by all participants. Details of compliance not stated Not measured. Not applicable as stretch applied by Therapist.
Drop-outs Overall 18.8% (n = 19). Plantar fascia stretching group 9.8% (n = 5). Tendo Achilles Stretching group 28% (n = 14). Overall = 2% (n = 1). Group obtaining the drop-out not specified Overall 21% (n = 28) Sustained stretching group 6.0% (n = 14). Intermittent stretching group 35.0% (n = 14). Control group 0% 0% (n = 0) Overall 24% (n = 4), Stretching 12.5% (n = 1), Splint 33% (n = 3) Overall 5% (n = 1) Crossover trial therefore drop-out not specific to a single group
Reasons for dropping-out Not stated Not stated Requested injection or surgery. Unwilling to travel. Other medical disorders. (no break-down provided) Not applicable Not known. Subject failed to record data fully, results therefore discarded.
Reports of harmful effects Not stated No adverse effects from taping. No statement about stretching Not stated Stretching group: Increased heel pain (n = 4), Calf pain (n = 4). New lower--limb pain (n = 2). Control group: nil None reported. Not stated