Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 11 Summary of changes in mean functional scores for groups receiving different types of stretches

From: The effectiveness of manual stretching in the treatment of plantar heel pain: a systematic review

  Outcome Group Baseline score (+/- SD) Follow up score (+/- SD) Change in mean score (+/- SD) if available Between group difference (p value)
Giovanni [15] Function Index Weight bearing, Achilles stretch Not stated Not stated -8.3 ##(16.6) 0.058
  (0 = full function) Non weight bearing, plantar fascia stretch Not stated Not stated -19.6 ## (18.7)  
Porter [14] Foot and ankle function score Sustained 68.8 (19.9) 82.5 (18.7) #13.7  
  (100 = full function) Intermittent 62.3 (19.7) 88.5 (14.2) #26.2 >0.05
  1. Abbreviations: SD = standard deviation, SE = standard error.
  2. #Calculated by current authors or estimated from charts
  3. ## Current authors estimation from charts and converting standard error to standard deviation (SD = SE√n)