Azevedo et al. 
Muscle activity (integrated EMG: normalised EMG amplitude as a percentage of root mean square amplitude): tibialis anterior, peroneus longus, lateral gastrocnemius, rectus femoris, biceps femoris and gluteus medius;
Kinematics (3D using Vicon® System 370 Version 2.5): sagittal plane hip, knee and ankle joints;
Kinetics: anterior-posterior and vertical ground reaction force;
Temporospatial parameters (speed, stride length, stride time, stride frequency).
C (neutral running shoe)
Baur et al. 
Muscle activity (normalised EMG amplitude to mean amplitude of the entire gait cycle and timing of activity): tibialis anterior, peroneals, lateral head of gastrocnemius, medial head of gastrocnemius, soleus;
Kinetics: antero-posterior and vertical ground reaction force;
Plantar pressures (Novel Pedar® Mobile system): deviation of the centre of pressure.
Cv (12 km/hour), Tm
C (gymnastic shoe that simulates barefoot conditions) and C (standardised marketed reference running shoe
Donoghue et al. 
Kinematics (3D: functional data analysis using 3D Qualysis system with Peak Motus™ analysis system): frontal plane rearfoot and lower leg, sagittal plane ankle and knee joints.
Cv (~2.8 m/s), Tm
U (own running shoes)
Donoghue et al. 
Kinematics (3D Qualysis system with Peak Motus™ analysis system): frontal plane rearfoot and lower leg, sagittal plane ankle and knee joints.
Cv (~2.5-2.8 ± 0.2-0.4 m/s), Tm
Unable to determine (as type of footwear not specified) and B
Kaufman et al. 
Plantar pressures (Tekscan® in-shoe system): dynamic arch index.
C (military footwear) and B
McCrory et al. 
Kinematics (2D Motion Analysis high-speed video camera): frontal plane rearfoot.
Kinetics: antero-posterior, medio-lateral and vertical ground reaction forces.
Uv ('training pace'), T (kinematics), Og (kinetics)
U (own footwear)
Ryan et al. 
Kinematics (3D ViconPeak® system with Bodybuilder 3.6® software): frontal and sagittal plane rearfoot and transverse plane tibia.
Van Ginckel et al. 
Plantar pressures (RsScan Footscan® pressure plate): multiple variables (temporal data, peak force, force-time integrals, contact time, medio-lateral force ratios and position and deviation of the centre of force).
Williams et al. 
Kinematics and moments (3D Qualisys motion system with Visual 3-D software): transverse plane tibia relative to foot (tibial motion) and tibia relative to femur (knee motion).
Cv, Og (3.35 m/s ± 5%).