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Figure 9 | Journal of Foot and Ankle Research

Figure 9

From: Lower limb biomechanics during running in individuals with achilles tendinopathy: a systematic review

Figure 9

Function of tibialis anterior (panel A), peroneus longus (panel B), soleus (panel C), as well as rectus femoris, biceps femoris and gluteus medius muscles (panel D) during running (Black plots = significant effects with group difference (actual units and as a percentage) adjacent the right error bar, Grey plots = non-significant effects). Abbreviations: TA, tibialis anterior; PE, peroneus longus; SOL, soleus; RF, rectus femoris; BF, biceps femoris; GM, gluteus medius; A-pre, amplitude at 100ms pre-heel strike; A-post, amplitude at 100ms post-heel strike, A-pre-p, amplitude during pre-activation phase; A-wa-p, amplitude during weight acceptance phase; A-po-p, amplitude during push-off phase; T-ini, time of start of activation; T-max, time of maximum activation; T-total, total time of activation; B, barefoot; S, shod; iEMG units, integrated EMG units (normalised as a percentage of root mean square amplitude); Norm.units, normalised to mean amplitude during the entire gait cycle. * Variables were reported to have statistically significant differences between groups in original study.

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