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Figure 2 | Journal of Foot and Ankle Research

Figure 2

From: Lower limb biomechanics during running in individuals with achilles tendinopathy: a systematic review

Figure 2

Kinematics of the tibial segment and ankle during running (Black plots = significant effects with group difference adjacent the right error bar, Grey plots = non-significant effects). Abbreviations: Leg ABD at HS, leg abduction at heel strike; Leg ABD max, maximum leg abduction; Leg ABD ROM, leg abduction range of motion; Ankle angle at HS, ankle sagittal plane angle at heel strike; ADF at HS, ankle joint dorsiflexion at heel strike; Ankle angle at MS, ankle sagittal plane angle at midstance; ADF Max, maximum ankle joint dorsiflexion; ADF ROM, ankle joint dorsiflexion range of motion; AROM DF, sagittal plane dorsiflexion range of motion of the ankle; AROM pf/df, total sagittal plane motion of the ankle; ADF max, maximum ankle dorsiflexion; AVEL df, maximum dorsiflexion velocity of ankle; tADF max, timing of maximum ankle dorsiflexion; AROM pf, sagittal plane plantarflexion range of motion of the ankle; AVEL pf, maximum plantarflexion velocity of ankle; tAVEL pf, timing of maximum velocity plantarflexion at the ankle; Peak TIR, peak tibial internal rotation; TIR max, maximum tibial internal rotation; TROM ir/er, total transverse tibial range of motion; tTIR max, timing of maximum internal transverse plane tibial rotation; TVEL ir, maximum velocity internal transverse plane tibial rotation; tTVEL ir, timing of maximum velocity internal transverse plane tibial rotation; TVEL er, maximum velocity external transverse plane tibial rotation; tTVEL er, timing of maximum velocity external transverse plane tibial rotation; B, barefoot; S, shod; Sec, seconds.

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