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Figure 1 | Journal of Foot and Ankle Research

Figure 1

From: Lower limb biomechanics during running in individuals with achilles tendinopathy: a systematic review

Figure 1

Frontal plane kinematics of the rearfoot during running (Black plots = significant effects with group difference adjacent the right error bar, Grey plots = non-significant effects). Abbreviations: Calcaneus-vertical TDA, calcaneus to vertical touch down angle; Calcaneus-tibia TDA, calcaneus to tibia touch down angle; Calcaneal at HS, calcaneal angle (relative to ground) at heel strike; Eversion at HS, angle between rearfoot and lower leg at heel strike; Max pronation, maximum pronation; Calcaneal max, maximum calcaneal angle; Eversion max, maximum eversion; Max eversion, maximum eversion; AEV max, maximum ankle eversion; Eversion ROM, eversion range of motion; Total pronation ROM, total pronation range of motion; Calcaneal ROM, calcaneal angle range of motion; AROM ev/in, total frontal plane range of motion of the ankle; AROM ev, eversion range of motion of the ankle; AROM in, inversion range of motion of the ankle; Calcaneus-tibia TOA, calcaneus to tibia toe-off angle; Calcaneus-vertical TOA, calcaneus-vertical toe-off angle; Max pronation velocity, maximum pronation velocity; AVEL ev, maximum velocity of ankle eversion; Time to max eversion, time to maximum eversion; Time to max pron, time to maximum pronation; tAEVmax, timing of maximum ankle eversion; Time to max pron velocity, time to maximum pronation velocity; tAVEL ev, timing of maximum ankle eversion velocity; AVEL in, maximum velocity of ankle inversion; tAVEL in, timing of maximum ankle inversion velocity; B; barefoot; S, shod. * Variables were reported to have statistically significant differences between groups in original study.

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