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Table 2 Characteristics of participants with and without hyperkeratotic lesions.

From: Distribution and correlates of plantar hyperkeratotic lesions in older people

Condition No hyperkeratotic lesions (n = 121) Hyperkeratotic lesions (n = 180)
Age – years (SD)* 78.1 (5.0) 76.6 (4.7)
Women – n (%)** 56 (46) 128 (71)
Body mass index – kg/m2 (SD) 25.6 (3.9) 26.2 (4.2)
Obese – BMI > 30 n (%) 15 (12) 34 (19)
Navicular height – mm (SD)† 18.0 (5.9) 18.0 (5.9)
Moderate to severe hallux valgus (right foot) – n (%)** 11 (8) 39 (24)
Moderate to severe hallux valgus (left foot) – n (%)* 17 (11) 35 (24)
Ankle range of motion (sagittal plane) - degrees (SD)** 36.3 (8.4) 39.4 (9.3)
Time spent on feet during the day – hours (SD)* 4.8 (1.3) 5.1 (1.0)
  1. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01
  2. † normalized for foot length