Skip to main content

Advertisement

Springer Nature is making Coronavirus research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Table 2 Flat foot group (n = 31, 3 raters) intra-rater reliability analyses.

From: The paediatric flat foot proforma (p-FFP): improved and abridged following a reproducibility study

p-FFP
ICC (95% CI)
Rater 1 Rater 2 Rater 3
FINDINGS
Tender areas 0.61
(0.21 – 0.81)
0.69
(0.36 – 0.85)
0.82
(0.63 – 0.91)
Gait 0.60
(0.24 – 0.78)
0.81
(0.61 – 0.91)
0.66
(0.31 – 0.84)
DIAGNOSIS
Flat foot type 0.80
(0.59 – 0.91)
0.34
(-0.35 – 0.68)
0.37
(-0.98 – 0.53)
  left right left right left right
OBSERVED
Medial longitudinal arch -0.71
(-1.2 – 0.48)
-0.34
(-1.1 – 0.49)
0.64
(0.27 – 0.83)
0.64
(0.27 – 0.82)
1.00 1.00
Heel eversion 0.83
(0.66 – 0.92)
0.61
(0.19 – 0.81)
0.43
(-0.16 – 0.72)
-0.34
(-1.1 – 0.49)
1.00 1.00
Heel inversion with tip toe -0.34
(-1.1 – 0.49)
0.65
(0.27 – 0.83)
1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Obesity 0.92
(0.84 – 0.96)
- 1.00 - 0.53
(0.42 – 0.77)
-
ASSESSED
Local tender areas 0.53
(0.42 – 0.77)
0.27
(-0.51 – 0.65)
0.73
(0.43 – 0.87)
0.67
(0.35 – 0.85)
0.82
(0.63 – 0.91)
0.81
(0.60 – 0.91)
Tibia, knee position 0.38
(-0.27 – 0.70)
0.50
(-0.32 – 0.76)
0.39
(-0.25 – 0.7)
-0.11
(-1.3 – 0.46)
-0.59
(-1.2 – 0.49)
0.81
(0.60 – 0.91)
MEASURES
RCSP 0.79
(0.56 – 0.90)
0.75
(0.48 – 0.88)
0.64
(0.26 – 0.82)
0.12
(-0.81 – 0.57)
0.55
(0.07 – .078)
0.46
(-0.10 – 0.74)
Navicular height 0.82
(0.63 – 0.91)
0.78
(0.54 – 0.89)
0.21
(-0.63 – 0.61)
0.39
(-0.25 – 0.71)
0.89
(0.79 – 0.95)
0.89
(0.76 – 0.95)
FPI-6/medial longitudinal arch 0.88
(0.75 – 0.94)
-0.34
(-1.1 – 0.49)
0.91
(0.81 – 0.95)
0.87
(0.74 – 0.94)
0.51
(-0.01 – 0.76)
0.78
(0.55 – 0.89)
  1. Intra-rater results [n = 31]
  2. Intraclass correlations (3,1)]
  3. Rater 1 was the more experienced clinician, which may be reflected in the intra-rater results. Rater 3 recorded same values in the 'observed' section, limiting interpretation.