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Table 3 Mean (SD) angular values according to position of the intersection point

From: A geometric analysis of hallux valgus: correlation with clinical assessment of severity

  Site of the intersection point p value
Variables Inside the foot Outside the foot Inside vs outside the foot
HVA 42.5 (7.5) 23.1 (8.8) < 0.001
IMA 15.1 (3.3) 10.7 (3.0) < 0.001
PPAA 7.4 (5.6) 7.6 (4.5) 0.802
  1. HVA: Hallux valgus angle
  2. IMA: Intermetatarsal angle
  3. PPAA: Proximal phalangeal articular angle