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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics (values are means ± (SD) unless otherwise stated)

From: Clinical factors associated with a conservative gait pattern in older male veterans with diabetes

  Conservative Gait Normal Gait p-value
N 40 264  
Age (yrs) 73.1 (7.64) 66.2(9.83) 0.00
Insulin (% yes) 36 28 0.35
HbA1c (%) 7.89 (1.37) 7.64(1.69) 0.29
DM Duration (yrs) 9.5 (4.75) 10.1(10.38) 0.73
Smoking History(% yes) 92 82 0.11
Height (mean inches) 68.5(0.93) 68.4(2.82) 0.95
Weight (mean lbs) 212(43.95) 211(42.04) 0.85
1st MPJ ROM (degrees) 12.1(2.72) 14.2(7.66) 0.13
Bunion deformity (% yes) 18 17 1.00
Hammer toe (% yes) 51 37 0.11
Foot type (% yes)    
   • normal 46 52  
   • pronated 26 23  
   • supinated 28 25  
Romberg's sign (% yes) 26 12 0.04
Non-palpable pulse (% yes) 59 43 0.06
Insensitivity to 10 gram monofilament (% yes) 46 27 0.02
Absent joint position sense (% yes) 5 2.6 0.35
Ankle DF (degrees) 3.6(2.07) 5.6(2.93) 0.01
Callus (% yes) 49 36 0.08
Fat pad atrophy (% yes) 31.4 47.1 0.12
Stride length (metres) 1.04(0.09) 1.24(0.17) 0.00
Walking speed (metres/second) 0.68 (0.08) 0.91(0.14) 0.00
Peak Pressure (kg/cm2) 3.81(0.73) 3.87(0.87) 0.75