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Table 1 Comparison of foot parameters

From: Foot motion in children and adults

  Children Adults p
ROM Tib.-talar flexion 19 ± 4 25 ± 6 0.000
ROM Ankle flexion 30 ± 5 34 ± 7 0.017
ROM Subtalar evers 11 ± 2 11 ± 3 0.504
ROM Medial arch 17 ± 4 17 ± 4 0.789
ROM Medial arch tilt 19 ± 7 17 ± 7 0.393
ROM Lateral arch 13 ± 3 13 ± 3 0.634
ROM Fore/Hindf. add. 9 ± 3 10 ± 3 0.109
ROM Foref./Ankle add 12 ± 3 14 ± 4 0.042
ROM Foref/Ankle supi 10 ± 2 14 ± 4 0.000
ROM Fore/midf. supin 6 ± 2 6 ± 2 0.463
ROM MT1-5 Angle 10 ± 3 13 ± 4 0.003
ROM Hallux abduct 8 ± 3 6 ± 2 0.029
ROM Hallux extens 46 ± 8 48 ± 8 0.379
ROM Foot Alignment 15 ± 5 13 ± 5 0.377
MSw Subtalar evers 7 ± 6 8 ± 6 0.607
MSw Medial arch 122 ± 8 129 ± 10 0.009
MSw Medial arch tilt -3 ± 7 0 ± 9 0.131
MSw Lateral arch -1 ± 7 -4 ± 6 0.119
MSw Fore/Hindf. add. -13 ± 4 -13 ± 6 0.839
MSw Foref./ankle add. -6 ± 4 -4 ± 4 0.015
MSw Foref./Ankle supi 7 ± 4 9 ± 4 0.073
MSw Fore/midf. supi -12 ± 5 -12 ± 4 0.847
MSw MT1-5 angle 0 ± 5 6 ± 5 0.000
MSw Hallux abduct -14 ± 5 -15 ± 6 0.286
MSw Hallux extens 21 ± 8 19 ± 6 0.430
MSt Foot Align. (ARO) 2 ± 5 5 ± 4 0.008