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Table 2 Summary of the recent studies which have established new aetiological theory for growing pains (GP).

From: Growing pains: contemporary knowledge and recommended practice

Date First Author Sample size Research design Findings New theory
2004 Hashkes, PJ GP group: n = 44 No GP control: n = 46 Case control Dolorimeter (pressure) GP group had lower pain thresholds GP may be a variant of a non-inflammatory pain syndrome
2005 Friedland, O GP group: n = 39 No GP control: n = Case control Ultrasound bone speed, tibia and radius GP group had reduced tibial bone speed. GP may represent a local overuse syndrome.
2005 Hashkes, PJ GP group: n = 11 No GP control: n = 12 Case control Bone scintigraphy, tibia GP group did not have altered vascular perfusion when compared with control group GP are not associated with altered vascular perfusion as opposed to migraine