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Table 1 Definition of 'growing pains' – inclusion and exclusion criteria.

From: Growing pains: contemporary knowledge and recommended practice

Pain factors Inclusion criteria Exclusion criteria
Nature of pain Intermittent Some pain free days and nights Persistent Increasing intensity
Unilateral or bilateral Bilateral Unilateral
Location of pain Anterior thigh, calf, posterior knee – in muscles Joint pain
Onset of pain Late afternoon or evening Pain still present next morning
Physical examination Normal Swelling, erythema, tenderness Local trauma or infection Reduced joint range of motion Limping
Laboratory tests Normal Objective findings eg ESR, x-ray, bone scan abnormalities
Limitation of activity Nil Reduced physical activity