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Table 4 Quality of articles reporting findings for loading rate and peak impact force.

From: Effect of foot orthoses on lower extremity kinetics during running: a systematic literature review

Ref. Orthosis Design Significant effect on loading rate Significant effect on peak impact force Quality Index Score (%) Condition Randomisation Experienced Runners Acclimatization Period
[51] Custom-moulded rigid & soft: 6 degrees rearfoot post n/a 67
[52] Prefabricated semi rigid: full length 53
[53] Custom-moulded semi-rigid: 6 degrees rearfoot post 73
[54] Custom-moulded semi-rigid: 5 degrees rearfoot post 67
[55] Custom-moulded semi-rigid: nil post & 6 mm rearfoot/forefoot post 73